There exists just one Marriage Act in Iceland, and it applies equally to a man and a woman, two women and two men.

Það þýðir að allir einstaklingar sem gefnir eru saman falla undir ein og sömu hjúskaparlögin og er prestum og forstöðumönnum skráðra trúfélaga heimilt að gefa saman einstaklinga af sama kyni.

Nuclear family

consists of a child or children and their biological parents.

Single parent

a man or a woman living alone with his/her child or children.

Step-families

consist of a child or children, one biological parent and one step-parent/cohabiting parent assuming a parental role. The biological parent and the step-parent often both have each their own children elsewhere, meaning that the children will have step-siblings. When the parents have children together, the family can take on a very diverse form.

Foster families

In foster families, the parents take in children who are not their own for a certain period of time.

Adoptive families

Adoptive families are families with a child or children who have been adopted.

Homosexuals

Homosexuals who are married or in registered cohabitation may adopt children or have children using artificial insemination, subject to the usual conditions governing the adoption of children, and have the same rights as other parents if they have children previously.

Violence within the family is prohibited by law. 

It is prohibited to inflict violence, whether mental or physical, on one’s spouse or children. 

Domestic violence can be reported to the police. 

If violence is directed at children, this should be reported to the Government Agency for Child Protection or the police.

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