Frequently asked questions

Frequently asked questions 


Icelandic words explained 

Selected Icelandic words explained in various languages. 

Pension funds & unions

All workers must pay into a pension fund. The purpose of pension funds is to pay their members an old-age pension and guarantee them and their families against loss of income as a result of loss of ability to work or of death.


Full entitlement to old-age-pension requires a total residence of at least 40 years between the ages 16 to 67 years. If your residence in Iceland is less than 40 years, your entitlement is calculated proportionally based on the residence period. More information about this here.


The role of unions is first and foremost to negotiate, on behalf of their members, wages and other employment terms in collective wage agreements and to protect their interests in the labour market.

In unions, wage earners join hands, on the basis of a common occupational sector and/or education, in protecting their interests.

Trade unions and work place support

The trade union movement represents workers and guarantees their rights. It is not mandatory to be a member of a trade union, but workers nevertheless make membership payments to a union. In order to be registered as a trade union member and enjoy the rights associated with membership, you need to apply for admission in writing. More on this coming soon…


Efling and VR are big unions and there are many more all around the country. Then there are workers associations like ASÍ, BSRB, BHM, (and more) that work towards protecting the rights of their members.

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