Upcoming elections in Iceland - 2021
The next elections to Alþingi (Icelandic Parliament) are to be held on September 25 2021. Meaning there will be a lot of information in the air related to various political parties and campaigning will be a major feature in society and in the media in the coming months.
Iceland is a democratic country and one with a very high voting rate. Here following is important information regarding the election process and the voting process.
We encourage everyone with the right to vote in Iceland to exercise this right. Hopefully through providing people of foreign backgrounds more information about the election and your right to vote we enable you to participate in the democratic process here in Iceland.
We will keep up to date information regarding the elections and various election related events posted here on our website and on our Facebook site.
Voting in general
Parliamentary elections are usually held every four years. Voters In Iceland do not vote for individual candidates, rather for a political party. Each party puts forth a list of candidates for each of the constituencies- across Iceland. Voters choose which list of candidates they believe will be worthy of representing their views in parliament.
This system is called representative democracy. In parliamentary elections, the country is divided into six constituencies. 63 parliamentary seats are elected by proportional representation, which means that the political parties are allocated parliamentary seats in proportion to the votes cast for them in the election.
Important questions and answers
All Icelandic citizens who are 18 years of age and older and domiciled in this country at the time of the election can vote in parliamentary elections.
Icelandic citizens who have moved abroad retain the right to vote for eight years from the time they move their legal domicile from the country and longer if applied for to the Registers Iceland.
In order to be able to run and sit in Althingi, individuals must be eligible to stand for election. All Icelandic citizens who have reached the age of 18 when the parliamentary elections take place are eligible for election, except for Supreme Court judges and the President of Iceland. It would not be in line with the requirement for a threefold division of state power that these parties have a seat in Althingi. Therefore, a Supreme Court judge would have to resign in order to run for parliament.
In addition to having reached the age of 18, a Member of Althingi must have an unblemished reputation. This means that if a person has received a criminal conviction where the punishment is unconditional imprisonment, he has tarnished his reputation until the sentence has been fully served.
A voter elects a list of candidates for a specific political party that has been compiled within the party, either by standing or on the basis of a result from a primary election, pre-election or postal election. Voters have the option of changing the order of names on the list of candidates and / or deleting the names of candidates, but a significant number of voters must do so in order for this to have an effect.
You can vote in two ways: By showing up at the polling station on election day itself, as most people do, or by voting outside the polling station before election day.
Before each election, you can look up information on where to vote (constituency, polling station and constituency) on the website of the National Registry of Iceland. When arriving at a polling station, a voter goes to the constituency where he is registered to vote. There he identifies himself by presenting identification. The electoral commission then hands him a ballot paper. The voter enters the polling station with the ballot paper. There he votes by marking a cross (X) with a pencil in a square in front of the letter of the list on the ballot paper he wants to vote for.
- If a voter wants to change the order of names in the list he chooses, he puts the number 1 in front of the name he wants at the top, the number 2 in front of the name he wants second in the row, the number 3 in front of the name he wants it third, etc., in so far as he wishes to change to.
- If a voter wants to reject a candidate on the list he or she elects, he / she crosses out his or her name.
- A voter must be careful, no matter what he chooses, to make no other mark on the ballot paper, otherwise the vote will be invalid.
- A voter may not tamper with lists that he or she does not vote for, nor cross out names on them or change their order.
Constituencies and the allocation of parliamentary seats
Iceland is divided into six constituencies in parliamentary elections:
- Northwestern constituency,
- Northeastern constituency,
- Southern constituency,
- Southwestern constituency,
- Reykjavík constituency north and
- Reykjavík constituency south.
The boundaries of the constituencies are determined by law, but the National Electoral Commission decides the constituency boundaries between the Reykjavík constituencies. Most parliamentary seats are in the Southwest constituency (13) and the fewest are in the Northwest constituency (8).
A total of 63 parliamentary seats are elected, of which 54 are constituency seats and 9 are balancing seats. The constituency seats are allocated on the basis of election results in each constituency, while the balancing seats are allocated on the basis of the number of votes nationwide between the parties that receive a minimum of 5% of the vote.
The purpose of allocating equalization seats is to correct the discrepancy between the support of national parties and the number of constituency seats.
Additional sources for information:
The political parties
Here below you find direct links to the websites of each of the political parties that will be running in the 2021 elections. (This information is subject to change)